Here’s what dermatologists want you to know about cryotherapy skin care
Cryotherapy skincare is one of the coolest trends getting buzz in the beauty and skincare spaces.
Originally invented in 1978 as a cure for arthritis pain, cryotherapy has become a wellness mainstay for the past decade with Hollywood stars, models and professional athletes swearing by its healing benefits.
And now the holistic technique is being exploited by the cosmetics and skincare industries who claim it can do wonders for your complexion, whether it’s brightening and depuffing, toning and tightening. .
As more cryotherapy-inspired beauty products and tools hit the shelves, three skincare experts wonder if these cold therapy deals are really worth it:
First of all, what is cryotherapy skin care?
Cryotherapy is basically any form of treatment that involves exposing your body to freezing or near-freezing temperatures for a short time for therapeutic benefits.
It is well established that cryotherapy or cold therapy is an effective way to reduce tissue inflammation, decrease pro-inflammatory cytokines (small proteins that help regulate your immune response), and increase anti-inflammatory cytokines. -inflammatory, says Dr. Dendy Engelman, New York board-certified dermatologist and Mohs surgeon. That’s why it feels good when you put an ice pack on a tight muscle or when you dip your face in a bowl of ice cream when you wake up bloated after a late night.
By down-regulating inflammatory processes in the skin, cryotherapy provides a way to reduce inflammation which, in turn, helps combat skin issues such as premature aging, says Dr. Engelman.
The two most common types of cryotherapy techniques used in skin care are cryofacials and skin icing. The former is a non-invasive in-office treatment while the latter can be easily performed at home.
Cryofacial Glaze Vs Skin
A cryotherapy facial, called a frotox, works by pumping a controlled stream of pressurized liquid nitrogen vapor over the entire face for a few minutes to quickly cool the skin.
“The intense cold temperatures restrict blood flow to the face and help tighten the skin and pores,” explains Dr DiAnne Davisa certified cosmetic dermatologist
affiliated with Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas. Once the vessels dilate again, blood builds up in the face, giving it a smooth, glowing, dewy complexion, she explains.
Increased blood flow can also improve the performance of skincare products by allowing them to penetrate deeper into the skin, Dr. Davis adds.
Additionally, cryofacial promotes the production of collagen which strengthens the skin and improves its elasticity, making your skin look plumper and more supple, notes Dr. P. Daniel Ward, dual-board board-certified facial plastic surgeon and founder of FormRx Skin Care.
Additionally, the treatment can also help lighten hyperpigmentation, says Dr. Ward.
However, the delicate procedure comes with a slight risk of permanent scarring or discoloration.
Meanwhile, skin icing is done by applying cold or icy cryogenic facial tools (like ice globes, cooling gel masks, facial rollers, etc.) to the skin to wake up dull and tired skin .
Facial icing can temporarily calm inflammation, reduce oiliness, minimize the appearance of pores, and soothe puffiness.
stimulating lymphatic drainage.
Is at-home cryotherapy skin care as effective as a cryofacial?
“Home cooling tools like masks or ice rollers feel good and can help with swelling.
[However]know that there is a limit to what they can accomplish,” says Dr. Engelman. If you use it a few times a month and like the results, that’s fine, but if you have any concerns or aren’t seeing the results you want, consider contacting a dermatologist, the specialist suggests. the skin.
“These home treatments are definitely not as effective as professional treatment, especially if your goal is to improve skin texture and tone,” says Dr. Ward. “An in-office treatment takes the cooling treatment further than just general cooling, resulting in calm, clear skin,” Dr. Engelman agrees.
The flip side of cryotherapy skin
“Using cryotherapy is great, but it’s not without side effects, if not done correctly,” says Dr. Ward. Pigmentation issues and even cases of frostbite have been reported, he adds.
Additionally, “those with darker skin types should proceed with caution due to the risk of discoloration,” advises Dr. Davis.
“Also, anyone with an active infection or open cuts or cuts in the skin should avoid this treatment until they are healed,” suggests Dr. Davis.
The best and safest route is to talk with your dermatologist before trying the treatment to determine if it’s right for you and how to incorporate it into your skincare routine.
Cryotherapy cannot replace your skincare routine
Like any other complementary skin treatment (think chemical peels, microneedling, blue light therapy, etc.), cryotherapy is not a magic bullet to replace a good skincare routine.
Pairing your cryotherapy session with a well-rounded skincare regimen is imperative for optimal results, notes Dr. Engelman. For example, if you’re using cryotherapy for fine lines and wrinkles, also consider using a peptide-rich anti-aging moisturizer like ISDIN Age Outline once a day to help promote these results, suggests the skincare expert. Or, if uneven skin tone is your main concern, consider using an antioxidant-rich serum like Skinbetter Science Even Tone Correcting Serum with cryotherapy, she says.
Last, but not least, wear sunscreen every day, regardless of the weather. Dr. Engelman recommends ISDIN Eryfotona Ageless Tinted Mineral Sunscreen which not only protects your skin from UV rays, but also repairs sun damage and reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.